Buddhism was originally started by Buddha, the founder of Buddhism who lived in India over 2,000 years ago. It was later brought to Japan in the 6th century, and started to spread around the country. The indigenous religion of Japan is Shintoism but over the years these two influenced each other significantly and you can find many places in Japan where Buddhism and Shintoism are fused together. Today, you can easily find the presence of Buddhism here and there in Japan. Buddhist temples are the symbolic tourist attractions where visitors can learn about the religion through exploring historical structures and sacred sites. It is also where you can take a glimpse of Buddha statue, which is often regarded as an objection for respect as an embodiment of Buddha. In this article, we will introduce the 10 famous Buddha statues in Japan!
1. Nara Daibutsu
Nara Daibutsu is one of the most famous buddha statues in Japan. It is kept at Todaiji, the historical temple located in Nara prefecture. It was established by the emperor Shomu in the early 8th century, and designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site as a part of “Historic Monuments in Ancient Nara”. Nara Daibutsu is a symbolic statue that attracts a number of visitors as National Treasure which was built almost 1,300 years ago. It stands 15 meters and welcomes visitors with a peaceful smile. The statue is kept inside a grand wooden building, one of the biggest wooden structures in the world!
7.30am – 5.30pm (Apr. to Oct.)
8am – 5pm (Nov. to Mar.)
Admission fee ¥600 (adult)
2. Ushiku Daibutsu
Ushiku Daibutsu is a bronze buddha statue that is located in Ushiku city, Ibaraki prefecture. It is known as the tallest bronze buddha statue in the world with the height of 120 meters, which is officially on the list of Guinness World Records. The construction was completed in 1992, which indicates that the statue is relatively new compared to other historical ones. Visitors can enter inside the statue where you can learn about the construction process with informative exhibits. Enjoy the panoramic view from the observation deck which stands 85 meters above the ground.
9.30am – 5.30pm (Mar. to Sept.)
9.30am – 4.30pm (Oct. to Feb.)
Admission fee ¥800 (adult)
3. Kamakura Daibutsu
Kamakura Daibutsu is an iconic buddha statue located in Kamakura city, Kanagawa prefecture. It draws a number of tourists all year round as one of the most popular tourist attractions in the city full of historical spots. You can spot the impressive statue at Kotokuin, a Buddhist temple which belongs to the Jodo Sect. Although the origin of the temple still remains unclear, it is believed that the 11.3-meter statue was built around the 13th century. During that period, Kamakura flourished as political and economical center of Japan under the influence of the Kamakura Shogunate which ruled the country from 1185 to 1333. As inside of the statue is empty, you can explore the small space.
Taking a guided tours in the area will be a great idea to understand the background of the city and learn the history. There are also many fascinating tours such as a tour guided by local high schoolers. Spring is definitely the best season to visit Kamakura there when the cherry blossoms in the temple are in full bloom.
8am – 5.30pm (Apr. to Sept.)
8am – 5pm (Oct. to Mar.)
Admission fee ¥300 (adult)
4. Takaoka Daibutsu
Takaoka Daibutsu fascinates visitors with the handsome appearance. It is located in Daibutsu-ji Temple which is about 10 minutes walk from JR Takaoka station in Toyama prefecture. Along with Nara Daibutsu and Kamakura Daibutsu, it is claimed as one of the three greatest Buddha statues in Japan. The history dates back about 800 years ago, when the original one was built by Minamotono Yoshikatsu. It has been repeatedly reconstructed because of serious damages by fire over centuries. The current construction was started in 1907, and it took 26 years to finally complete the beautiful statue. Inside the statue, you will discover impressive Buddhism paintings and the head of the previous statue preserved in a good condition!
6am – 6pm
No admission fee
5. Fukuoka Buddha
Fukuoka Buddha is a wooden Buddha statue that is located in Tocho-ji temple in Fukuoka prefecture. It is the largest wooden buddha statue in Japan which was made in 1992. The 10.8 meters statue weights about 30 tons, and fascinates visitors with the sacred atmosphere. According to historical records, the temple was founded by Kukai, a notable Japanese monk who lived in the 8th to 9th century. He opened the temple in 806 soon after coming back from China, hoping to spread the influence of esoteric Buddhism to the East regions of Japan. It also served as a family temple of Kuroda family, which governed the area as a feudal clan during the Edo period.
9am – 5pm
No admission fee
6. Nihonji Daibutsu
Nihonji Daibutsu is situated in Nihonji Temple in Chiba prefecture. The construction of the temple dates back to 725, when Gyoki, a Buddhist priest opened it following the official order by the emperor Shomu. The Buddha statue stands 31 meters, which makes it the tallest sitting Buddha statue in Japan! It was originally carved from a giant rock in 1783, and later restored in 1969 as it had been eroded by rain over centuries. Nihonji Temple stands on the southern side of Mt. Nokogiri, where visitors can take a relaxing stroll in the vast temple ground rich in nature.
8am – 5pm (Apr. to Oct.)
Admission fee ¥700 (adult)
7. Showa Daibutsu
Showa Daibutsu is a bronze Buddha statue located in Seiryuji temple in Aomori prefecture. Built in 1984, it stands 21.35 meters by itself, making it the tallest bronze sitting Buddha statue in Japan. Another highlight is the beautiful five-story pagoda, which is known as the 4th tallest five-story pagoda in Japan with the height of 39.35 meters. Many visitors enjoy walking around the sacred temple ground and the peaceful surroundings as well.
8am – 5.30pm (Apr. to Oct.)
9am – 4.30pm (Nov. to Mar.)
Admission fee ¥400 (adult)
8. Tokyo Daibutsu (Jorenji Temple)
It might surprise you that you can also find a beautiful buddha statue inside Tokyo! Tokyo Daibutsu is a bronze buddha statue located in Jorenji temple, Itabashi city. The 12.5 meters tall statue was completed in 1977 with a strong hope for peaceful future without any disastrous tragedies that Tokyo has experienced in the past. Jorenji is a Jodo Sect Buddhist temple which dates back in the 14th century. There are historical structures that have been standing there for over centuries in harmony with the peaceful surroundings. It is one of the best 10 scenic spots located within in the city borders, though a bit bar out.
9. Hill of the Buddha
Hill of Buddha is a popular tourist attraction in Sapporo that newly opened in 2015. It was designed by Tadao Ando, a world-famous Japanese architect involved in a number of masterpieces and stunning structure designs. It is located in the part of Makomanai Takino Cemetery and features a giant buddha statue which is half underground. Only the head of statue can be seen from the distance with beautiful hillside slopes full with seasonal plants and flowers all year round. Summer is the perfect season to get the glimpse of the unique landscape created by the contrast of purple lavenders and the impressive statue. There is a sacred gateway leading to the bottom of the statue that allows you to see the entire statue!
9am – 4pm (Apr. to Oct.)
10am – 3pm (Nov. to Mar.)
No admission fee
10. Gifu Daibutsu
Gifu is a mountainous prefecture that is located in the Chubu region in Japan. It is home to Gifu Daibutsu, a wooden buddha statue that is kept at Shoboji temple. It was completed in 1832 after 38 years of construction. The 13.63 meters statue is stored in a historical wooden hall which features Chinese architectural style. It is officially designated as a prefectural important cultural property as well. Huge ginkgo tree is used as a main column for the structure, and other natural materials such as timber, bamboo, and cray all make up the beautiful statue. Japanese lacquer and gold leaf are used to create the gorgeous appearance that embraces the hall with a spiritual atmosphere.
9am – 5pm
Admission fee ¥100 (adult)
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Visiting temples is always a great way to understand Japan from the cultural aspects. You can also explore the historical spots more deeply with a better understanding of the historical backgrounds and basic knowledge about the buddha statues. Besides the 10 famous buddha statues we introduced above, there are countless number of other statues waiting for your visit at beautiful temples around Japan!
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